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hangnail

[hang-neyl] /ˈhæŋˌneɪl/
noun
1.
a small piece of partly detached skin at the side or base of the fingernail.
Compare whitlow.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English angenayle corn, Old English angnægl, equivalent to ang- (variant of enge narrow, painful; cognate with German eng, see anger) + nægl callus, nail; modern h- by association with hang
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for hang-nail

hangnail

/ˈhæŋˌneɪl/
noun
1.
a piece of skin torn away from, but still attached to, the base or side of a fingernail
Word Origin
C17: from Old English angnægl, from enge tight + næglnail; influenced by hang
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hang-nail

hangnail

n.

also hang-nail, 1670s, apparently from hang (v.) + (finger) nail, but probably folk etymology from Old English agnail "a corn on the foot, painful spike (in the flesh)" from Proto-Germanic *ang- "compressed, hard, painful" (from PIE *angh- "tight, painfully constricted, painful;" see anger) + Old English nægl "spike" (see nail (n.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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hang-nail in Medicine

hangnail hang·nail (hāng'nāl')
n.
A small piece of dead skin at the side or the base of a fingernail that is partly detached from the rest of the skin.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Word Value for hang

8
9
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