hara kiri

hara-kiri

[hahr-uh-keer-ee, har-uh-, har-ee-]
noun
1.
Also called seppuku. ceremonial suicide by ripping open the abdomen with a dagger or knife: formerly practiced in Japan by members of the warrior class when disgraced or sentenced to death.
2.
suicide or any suicidal action; a self-destructive act: political hara-kiri.
Also, hari-kari.


Origin:
1855–60; < Japanese, equivalent to hara belly (earlier fara < *para) + kiri cut

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
hara-kiri or hari-kari (ˌhærəˈkɪrɪ, ˌhærɪˈkɑːrɪ)
 
n
Also called: seppuku (formerly, in Japan) ritual suicide by disembowelment with a sword when disgraced or under sentence of death
 
[C19: from Japanese taboo slang, from hara belly + kiri cutting]
 
hari-kari or hari-kari
 
n
 
[C19: from Japanese taboo slang, from hara belly + kiri cutting]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

hara-kiri
"suicide by disembowelment," 1856, from Japanese, "belly-cutting," the colloquial word for what is formally called seppuku "cut open the stomach," from hara "belly" + kiri "to cut."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
hara-kiri [(har-i-keer-ee, hahr-uh-keer-ee)]

A ritual of suicide, associated with warriors in traditional Japanese society.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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