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hard cider

noun
1.
See under cider.
Origin
1780-1790
1780-90, Americanism

cider

[sahy-der] /ˈsaɪ dər/
noun
1.
the juice pressed from apples (or formerly from some other fruit) used for drinking, either before fermentation (sweet cider) or after fermentation (hard cider) or for making applejack, vinegar, etc.
Also, British, cyder.
Origin
1250-1300; Middle English sidre < Middle French < Old French si(s)dre < Late Latin sīcera strong drink < Septuagint Greek sī́kera < Hebrew shēkhār (Levit. 10:9); replacing Middle English sithere < Old French sidre
Related forms
ciderish, ciderlike, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for hard cider

hard cider

noun
1.
(US & Canadian) fermented apple juice Compare sweet cider

cider

/ˈsaɪdə/
noun
1.
Also called (US) hard cider. an alcoholic drink made from the fermented juice of apples
2.
(US & Canadian) Also called sweet cider. an unfermented drink made from apple juice
Word Origin
C14: from Old French cisdre, via Medieval Latin, from Late Greek sikera strong drink, from Hebrew shēkhār
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hard cider

cider

n.

late 13c., from Old French cidre, cire "pear or apple cider" (12c., Modern French cidre), variant of cisdre, from Late Latin sicera, Vulgate rendition of Hebrew shekhar, a word used for any strong drink (translated in Old English as beor, taken untranslated in Septuagint Greek as sikera), related to Arabic sakar "strong drink," sakira "was drunk." Meaning gradually narrowed in English to mean exclusively "fermented drink made from apples," though this sense also was in Old French.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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