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hardwood

[hahrd-woo d] /ˈhɑrdˌwʊd/
noun
1.
the hard, compact wood or timber of various trees, as the oak, cherry, maple, or mahogany.
2.
a tree yielding such wood.
adjective
3.
made or constructed of hardwood:
a hardwood floor.
Origin
1560-1570
1560-70; hard + wood1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for hard-wood

hardwood

/ˈhɑːdˌwʊd/
noun
1.
the wood of any of numerous broad-leaved dicotyledonous trees, such as oak, beech, ash, etc, as distinguished from the wood of a conifer
2.
any tree from which this wood is obtained
Compare softwood
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hard-wood

hardwood

n.

1560s, from hard + wood. From deciduous trees, distinguished from that of pines and firs.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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hard-wood in Science
hardwood
  (härd'wd')   
  1. An angiosperm tree, especially as distinguished from a coniferous, or softwood, tree.

  2. The wood of an angiosperm tree. Hardwoods are in general harder than softwood. However, some hardwoods, such as basswood, are comparatively soft, while some softwoods, such as yew, are comparatively hard.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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7
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