|1.||of, involving, producing, or characterized by harmony; harmonious|
|2.||music of, relating to, or belonging to harmony|
|a. capable of expression in the form of sine and cosine functions|
|b. of or relating to numbers whose reciprocals form an arithmetic progression|
|4.||physics of or concerned with an oscillation that has a frequency that is an integral multiple of a fundamental frequency|
|5.||physics of or concerned with harmonics|
|6.||physics, music a component of a periodic quantity, such as a musical tone, with a frequency that is an integral multiple of the fundamental frequency. The first harmonic is the fundamental, the second harmonic (twice the fundamental frequency) is the first overtone, the third harmonic (three times the fundamental frequency) is the second overtone, etc|
|7.||music (not in technical use) overtone: in this case, the first overtone is the first harmonic, etc|
|[C16: from Latin harmonicus relating to |
|1.||(functioning as singular) the science of musical sounds and their acoustic properties|
|2.||(functioning as plural) See harmonic the overtones of a fundamental note, as produced by lightly touching the string of a stringed instrument at one of its node points while playing|
|harmonic (här-mŏn'ĭk) Pronunciation Key
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Noun Periodic motion whose frequency is a whole-number multiple of some fundamental frequency. The motion of objects or substances that vibrate or oscillate in a regular fashion, such as the strings of musical instruments, can be analyzed as a combination of a fundamental frequency and higher harmonics. ◇ Harmonics above the first harmonic (the fundamental frequency) in sound waves are called overtones. The first overtone is the second harmonic, the second overtone is the third harmonic, and so on.
Adjective Related to or having the properties of such periodic motion.