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harrow1

[har-oh] /ˈhær oʊ/
noun
1.
an agricultural implement with spikelike teeth or upright disks, drawn chiefly over plowed land to level it, break up clods, root up weeds, etc.
verb (used with object)
2.
to draw a harrow over (land).
3.
to disturb keenly or painfully; distress the mind, feelings, etc., of.
verb (used without object)
4.
to become broken up by harrowing, as soil.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English harwe; akin to Old Norse herfi harrow, Dutch hark rake, Greek krṓpion sickle
Related forms
harrower, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for harrower

harrow1

/ˈhærəʊ/
noun
1.
any of various implements used to level the ground, stir the soil, break up clods, destroy weeds, etc, in soil
verb
2.
(transitive) to draw a harrow over (land)
3.
(intransitive) (of soil) to become broken up through harrowing
4.
(transitive) to distress; vex
Derived Forms
harrower, noun
harrowing, adjective, noun
Word Origin
C13: of Scandinavian origin; compare Danish harv, Swedish harf; related to Middle Dutch harke rake

harrow2

/ˈhærəʊ/
verb (transitive) (archaic)
1.
to plunder or ravish
2.
(of Christ) to descend into (hell) to rescue righteous souls
Derived Forms
harrowment, noun
Word Origin
C13: variant of Old English hergian to harry

Harrow

/ˈhærəʊ/
noun
1.
a borough of NW Greater London; site of an English boys' public school founded in 1571 at Harrow-on-the-Hill, a part of this borough. Pop: 210 700 (2003 est). Area: 51 sq km (20 sq miles)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for harrower

harrow

n.

agricultural implement, heavy wooden rake, c.1300, haru, from Old English *hearwa, apparently related to Old Norse harfr "harrow," and perhaps connected with Old English hærfest "harvest" (see harvest). Or possibly from hergian (see harry).

v.

"to drag a harrow over," especially in harrowing of Hell in Christian theology, early 14c., from hergian (see harry). In the figurative sense of "to wound the feelings, distress greatly" it is first attested c.1600 in Shakespeare. Related: Harrowed; harrowing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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harrower in the Bible

(Heb. harits), a tribulum or sharp threshing sledge; a frame armed on the under side with rollers or sharp spikes (2 Sam. 12:31; 1 Chr. 20:3). Heb. verb _sadad_, to harrow a field, break its clods (Job 39:10; Isa. 28:4; Hos. 10: 11). Its form is unknown. It may have resembled the instrument still in use in Egypt.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Article for harrower

Harrow

outer borough of London, forming part of its northwestern perimeter, in the historic county of Middlesex. Previously a municipal borough, Harrow became a London borough in 1965. It includes (from northwest to southeast) the areas of Pinner Green, Hatch End, Stanmore, Pinner, Harrow Weald, Burnt Oak, Harrow Garden Village, Harrow (with Harrow on the Hill), Wealdstone, Northolt Park, and Roxeth.

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harrow

farm implement used to pulverize soil, break up crop residues, uproot weeds, and cover seed. In Neolithic times, soil was harrowed, or cultivated, with tree branches; shaped wooden harrows were used by the Egyptians and other ancient peoples, and the Romans made harrows with iron teeth.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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