harrower

harrow

1 [har-oh]
noun
1.
an agricultural implement with spikelike teeth or upright disks, drawn chiefly over plowed land to level it, break up clods, root up weeds, etc.
verb (used with object)
2.
to draw a harrow over (land).
3.
to disturb keenly or painfully; distress the mind, feelings, etc., of.
verb (used without object)
4.
to become broken up by harrowing, as soil.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English harwe; akin to Old Norse herfi harrow, Dutch hark rake, Greek krṓpion sickle

harrower, noun
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World English Dictionary
harrow1 (ˈhærəʊ)
 
n
1.  any of various implements used to level the ground, stir the soil, break up clods, destroy weeds, etc, in soil
 
vb
2.  (tr) to draw a harrow over (land)
3.  (intr) (of soil) to become broken up through harrowing
4.  (tr) to distress; vex
 
[C13: of Scandinavian origin; compare Danish harv, Swedish harf; related to Middle Dutch harke rake]
 
'harrower1
 
n
 
'harrowing1
 
adj, —n

harrow2 (ˈhærəʊ)
 
vb
1.  to plunder or ravish
2.  (of Christ) to descend into (hell) to rescue righteous souls
 
[C13: variant of Old English hergian to harry]
 
'harrowment2
 
n

Harrow (ˈhærəʊ)
 
n
a borough of NW Greater London; site of an English boys' public school founded in 1571 at Harrow-on-the-Hill, a part of this borough. Pop: 210 700 (2003 est). Area: 51 sq km (20 sq miles)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

harrow
"agricultural implement, heavy wooden rake," c.1300, haru, from O.E. *hearwa, apparently related to O.N. harfr "harrow," and perhaps connected with O.H.G. herbist "harvest" (see harvest). Also possibly from hergian (see harry).

harrow
especially in harrowing of Hell in Christian theology, from hergian (see harry). In the figurative sense of "to wound the feelings, distress greatly" it is first attested c.1600 in Shakespeare.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Harrow definition


(Heb. harits), a tribulum or sharp threshing sledge; a frame armed on the under side with rollers or sharp spikes (2 Sam. 12:31; 1 Chr. 20:3). Heb. verb _sadad_, to harrow a field, break its clods (Job 39:10; Isa. 28:4; Hos. 10: 11). Its form is unknown. It may have resembled the instrument still in use in Egypt.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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