Word Origin & History
"causeway over a ravine or river," O.E. brycge, from P.Gmc. *brugjo (cf. O.S. bruggia, O.N. bryggja, O.Fris. brigge, Du. brug, O.H.G. brucca, Ger. Brücke), from PIE base *bhru "log, beam," hence "wooden causeway" (cf. Gaul. briva "bridge," O.C.S. bruvuno "beam," Serb. brv "footbridge"). For vowel
evolution, see bury
. Meaning "bony upper part of the nose" is from mid-15c.; of violins, etc., from c.1600. The verb is from late O.E. Related: Bridged; bridging.
card game, 1886 (perhaps as early as 1843), an alteration of biritch, but the source and meaning of that are obscure. "Probably of Levantine origin, since some form of the game appears to have been long known in the Near East" [OED]. One guess is that it represents Turkish *bir-üç "one-three,"
since one hand is exposed and three are concealed. The game also was known early as Russian whist (attested in English from 1839).