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haruspex

[huh-ruhs-peks, har-uh-speks] /həˈrʌs pɛks, ˈhær əˌspɛks/
noun, plural haruspices
[huh-ruhs-puh-seez] /həˈrʌs pəˌsiz/ (Show IPA)
1.
(in ancient Rome) one of a class of minor priests who practiced divination, especially from the entrails of animals killed in sacrifice.
Also, aruspex.
Origin
1575-1585
1575-85; < Latin, equivalent to haru- (akin to hīra intestine; see chord1) + spec- (stem of specere to look at) + -s nominative singular ending
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for haruspex

haruspex

/həˈrʌspɛks/
noun (pl) haruspices (həˈrʌspɪˌsiːz)
1.
(in ancient Rome) a priest who practised divination, esp by examining the entrails of animals
Derived Forms
haruspical (həˈrʌspɪkəl) adjective
haruspicy (həˈrʌspɪsɪ) noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin, probably from hīra gut + specere to look
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for haruspex
n.

1580s, from Latin haruspex (plural haruspices) "soothsayer by means of entrails," first element from PIE *ghere- "gut, entrail" (see yarn); second element from Latin spic- "beholding, inspecting" (see inspect). The practice is Etruscan. Related: Haruspical; haruspication.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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