hawse

[hawz, haws] Nautical.
noun
1.
the part of a bow where the hawseholes are located.
2.
a hawsehole or hawsepipe.
3.
the distance or space between the bow of an anchored vessel and the point on the surface of the water above the anchor.
4.
the relative position or arrangement of the port and starboard anchor cables when both are used to moor a vessel.
verb (used without object), hawsed, hawsing.
5.
(of a vessel) to pitch heavily at anchor.
Idioms
6.
to hawse, with both bow anchors out: a ship riding to hawse.

Origin:
before 1000; Middle English hals, Old English heals bow of a ship, literally, neck; cognate with Old Norse hals in same senses, Old Frisian, Old Saxon, Old High German hals neck, throat, Latin collus (< *kolsos)

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World English Dictionary
hawse (hɔːz)
 
n
1.  the part of the bows of a vessel where the hawseholes are
2.  hawsehole short for hawsepipe
3.  the distance from the bow of an anchored vessel to the anchor
4.  the arrangement of port and starboard anchor ropes when a vessel is riding on both anchors
 
vb
5.  (intr) (of a vessel) to pitch violently when at anchor
 
[C14: from earlier halse, probably from Old Norse háls; related to Old English heals neck]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Example sentences
The hawse timbers are in the center with the white float on them.
The chain moves through the chain pipe and the hawse pipe as the anchor is raised or lowered.
The bow is a strong forging and sharply raked, containing the hawse pipe for the mushroom mooring anchor.
There is also the hawse pipe for the standby anchor.
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