hawser

[haw-zer, -ser]
noun Nautical.
a heavy rope for mooring or towing.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English haucer < Anglo-French hauceour, equivalent to Middle French hauci(er) to hoist (< Late Latin *altiāre to raise, derivative of Latin altus high; see haughty) + -our -or2, -er2

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hawser (ˈhɔːzə)
 
n
nautical a large heavy rope
 
[C14: from Anglo-French hauceour, from Old French haucier to hoist, ultimately from Latin altus high]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

hawser
"large rope used for mooring, towing, etc.," 1294, from Anglo-Fr. haucer, from O.Fr. halcier, lit. "hoister," from V.L. *altiare, alteration of L.L. altare "make high," from altus "high" (see old). Altered in Eng. on mistaken association with hawse (from O.E. hals "prow of a
ship," from the Gmc. word for "neck") and the hauling of boats.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Two attempts to pull the vessel off the beach have failed so far, the second time the towing hawser parted.
The hawser connection is simplified compared to more realistic and complicated one.
The turntable supports the rigid arm hinges, the cryogenic fluid swivels and the hawser attachment point.
Each anchor, exposed length of chain or cable, and hawser must be visually inspected before the barge begins each voyage.
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