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city, Luzerne county, east-central Pennsylvania, U.S. It lies on Spring Mountain of the Buck Mountain Plateau, at an elevation of 1,624 feet (495 metres), 24 miles (39 km) south of Wilkes-Barre. Originally a lumbering settlement, it became a prosperous mining town after the discovery (1818) of nearby anthracite coal deposits and was laid out in 1836 by the Hazleton Coal Company. Its name is derived from hazel bushes found in the area, then known as the "Great Swamp."