before 900;Middle Englishheven, variant (with -v- from simple past tense and past participle) of hebben,Old Englishhebban; cognate with Germanheben,Old Norsehefja,Gothichafjan; akin to Latincapere to take
O.E. hebban "to lift, raise" (class VI strong verb; past tense hof, pp. hafen), from P.Gmc. *khafjanan (cf. O.N. hefja, Du. heffen, Ger. heben, Goth. hafjan), from PIE *kap- "seize;" related to O.E. habban "to hold, possess." Sense of "retch, make an effort to vomit" is first attested 1601. Nautical heave-ho was a chant in lifting.