height

[hahyt]
noun
1.
extent or distance upward: The balloon stopped rising at a height of 500 feet.
2.
distance upward from a given level to a fixed point: the height from the ground to the first floor; the height of an animal at the shoulder.
3.
the distance between the lowest and highest points of a person standing upright; stature: She is five feet in height.
4.
considerable or great altitude or elevation: the height of the mountains.
5.
Often, heights.
a.
a high place above a level; a hill or mountain: They stood on the heights overlooking the valley.
b.
the highest part; top; apex; summit: In his dreams he reached the heights.
6.
the highest point; utmost degree: the height of power; the height of pleasure.
7.
Archaic. high rank in social status.
Also, hight.


Origin:
before 900; Middle English; Old English hīehtho. See high, -th1

altitude, elevation, height (see synonym study at the current entry).


3. tallness. Height, altitude, elevation refer to distance above a level. Height denotes extent upward (as from foot to head) as well as any measurable distance above a given level: The tree grew to a height of ten feet. They looked down from a great height. Altitude usually refers to the distance, determined by instruments, above a given level, commonly mean sea level: altitude of an airplane. Elevation implies a distance to which something has been raised or uplifted above a level: a hill's elevation above the surrounding country, above sea level. 5. prominence. 6. peak, pinnacle; acme, zenith; culmination.


1, 2. depth.


Height, and not heighth, is considered the standard English form for this word.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
height (haɪt)
 
n
1.  the vertical distance from the bottom or lowest part of something to the top or apex
2.  the vertical distance of an object or place above the ground or above sea level; altitude
3.  relatively great altitude or distance from the bottom to the top
4.  the topmost point; summit
5.  astronomy the angular distance of a celestial body above the horizon
6.  the period of greatest activity or intensity: the height of the battle
7.  an extreme example of its kind: the height of rudeness
8.  (often plural) an area of high ground
9.  (often plural) the state of being far above the ground: I don't like heights
10.  (often plural) a position of influence, fame, or power: the giddy heights they occupied in the 1980s
 
[Old English hīehthu; related to Old Norse hǣthe, Gothic hauhitha, Old High German hōhida; see high]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

height
O.E. hiehþu, Anglian hehþo "highest part or point, summit," from root of heah "high" + -itha Gmc. abstract noun suffix (cf. O.N. hæð, O.H.G. hohida, Goth. hauhiþa "height"). The modern pronunciation with -t not established till 18c., and heighth is still colloquial.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

height (hīt)
n.

  1. The distance from the base of something to the top.

  2. Stature, especially of the human body.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Even a flat planting with a foliage screen of differing heights would work, if
  one lacked wall-building skills.
These potatoes soar to new heights when topped with green beans.
The market capitalization of the for-profit sector of higher education shot up
  to dizzying heights.
Investments have bounced back, but not to their former heights.
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