city, Baden-Wurttemberg Land (state), southwestern Germany. It lies along the Neckar River and is surrounded by vineyards and the Swabian Forest. Built on the site of an old Roman settlement, it was first mentioned in 741, and the Carolingian princes had a palace there. Heilbronn was created a free imperial city in 1281. Its name-originally Heiligbronn, or "holy spring"-refers to a stream that issued from under the high altar of St. Kilian's Church, built in the Gothic and Renaissance styles with a unique tower
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