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Helot

[hel-uh t, hee-luh t] /ˈhɛl ət, ˈhi lət/
noun
1.
a member of the lowest class in ancient Laconia, constituting a body of serfs who were bound to the land and were owned by the state.
Compare Perioeci, Spartiate.
2.
(lowercase) a serf or slave; bondman.
Origin
1570-1580
1570-80; < Latin hēlōtēs (plural) < Greek heílōtes
Related forms
helotage, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Helot

Helot

/ˈhɛlət; ˈhiː-/
noun
1.
(in ancient Greece, esp Sparta) a member of the class of unfree men above slaves owned by the state
2.
(usually not capital) a serf or slave
Word Origin
C16: from Latin Hēlotēs, from Greek Heilōtes, alleged to have meant originally: inhabitants of Helos, who, after its conquest, were serfs of the Spartans
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Helot

helot

n.

1570s (with a capital -h-) "Spartan serf," from Greek Heilotes, plural of Heilos, popularly associated with Helos, Laconian town reduced to serfdom by Sparta, but perhaps related to Greek halonai "be captured." In extended use by 1820s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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