hemlock-spruce

hemlock

[hem-lok]
noun
1.
a poisonous plant, Conium maculatum, of the parsley family, having purple-spotted stems, finely divided leaves, and umbels of small white flowers, used medicinally as a powerful sedative.
2.
a poisonous drink made from this plant.
3.
any of various other plants, especially of the genus Cicuta, as the water hemlock.
4.
Also called hemlock spruce. any of several coniferous trees of the genus Tsuga, native to the U.S., characterized by a pyramidal manner of growth. Compare eastern hemlock, western hemlock.
5.
the soft, light wood of a hemlock tree, used in making paper, in the construction of buildings, etc.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English hemlok, humlok, Old English hymlic, hemlic; perhaps akin to Old English hymele hop plant

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
hemlock (ˈhɛmˌlɒk)
 
n
1.  See also water hemlock US name: poison hemlock an umbelliferous poisonous Eurasian plant, Conium maculatum, having finely divided leaves, spotted stems, and small white flowers
2.  a poisonous drug derived from this plant
3.  See also western hemlock Also called: hemlock spruce any coniferous tree of the genus Tsuga, of North America and E Asia, having short flat needles: family Pinaceae
4.  the wood of any of these trees, used for lumber and as a source of wood pulp
 
[Old English hymlic; perhaps related to hymele hop plant, Middle Low German homele, Old Norwegian humli, Old Slavonic chǔmelï]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

hemlock
O.E. (Kentish) hemlic, earlier hymlice, hymblice, of unknown origin.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Hemlock definition


(1.) Heb. rosh (Hos. 10:4; rendered "gall" in Deut. 29:18; 32:32; Ps. 69:21; Jer. 9:15; 23:15; "poison," Job 20:16; "venom," Deut. 32:33). "Rosh is the name of some poisonous plant which grows quickly and luxuriantly; of a bitter taste, and therefore coupled with wormwood (Deut. 29:18; Lam. 3:19). Hence it would seem to be not the hemlock cicuta, nor the colocynth or wild gourd, nor lolium darnel, but the poppy so called from its heads" (Gesenius, Lex.). (2.) Heb. la'anah, generally rendered "wormwood" (q.v.), Deut. 29:18, Text 17; Prov. 5:4; Jer. 9:15; 23:15. Once it is rendered "hemlock" (Amos 6:12; R.V., "wormwood"). This Hebrew word is from a root meaning "to curse," hence the accursed.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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