hem

1 [hem]
verb (used with object), hemmed, hemming.
1.
to fold back and sew down the edge of (cloth, a garment, etc.); form an edge or border on or around.
2.
to enclose or confine (usually followed by in, around, or about ): hemmed in by enemies.
noun
3.
an edge made by folding back the margin of cloth and sewing it down.
4.
the edge or border of a garment, drape, etc., especially at the bottom.
5.
the edge, border, or margin of anything.
6.
Architecture. the raised edge forming the volute of an Ionic capital.

Origin:
before 1000; Middle English hem(m), Old English hem, probably akin to hamm enclosure; see home

Dictionary.com Unabridged

hem

2 [hem]
interjection
1.
(an utterance resembling a slight clearing of the throat, used to attract attention, express doubt, etc.)
noun
2.
the utterance or sound of “hem.”
3.
a sound or pause of hesitation: His sermon was full of hems and haws.
verb (used without object), hemmed, hemming.
4.
to utter the sound “hem.”
5.
to hesitate in speaking.
Idioms
6.
hem and haw,
a.
to hesitate or falter: She hemmed and hawed a lot before she came to the point.
b.
to speak noncommittally; avoid giving a direct answer: He hems and haws and comes out on both sides of every question.

Origin:
1520–30; imitative

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
hem1 (hɛm)
 
n
1.  an edge to a piece of cloth, made by folding the raw edge under and stitching it down
2.  short for hemline
 
vb (usually foll by in, around, or about) , hems, hemming, hemmed
3.  to provide with a hem
4.  to enclose or confine
 
[Old English hemm; related to Old Frisian hemme enclosed land]

hem2 (hɛm)
 
n, —interj
1.  a representation of the sound of clearing the throat, used to gain attention, express hesitation, etc
 
vb , hems, hemming, hemmed
2.  (intr) to utter this sound
3.  hem and haw, hum and haw to hesitate in speaking or in making a decision

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

hem
O.E. hem "a border," from P.Gmc. *khamjanan (cf. O.N. hemja "to bridle, curb," O.Fris. hemma "to hinder," M.Du., Ger. hemmen "to hem in, stop, hinder"), from the same root that yielded hamper and O.E. hamm, common in place names (where it means "enclosure, land hemmed in by water or high ground, land
in a river bend"). The phrase hem in "shut in, confine," first recorded 1538. Hem-line first attested 1923.

hem
1470, probably imitative of the sound of clearing the throat. Hem and haw first recorded 1786, from haw "hesitation," first recorded 1632.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

hem- pref.
Variant of hemo-.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Hem definition


of a garment, the fringe of a garment. The Jews attached much importance to these, because of the regulations in Num. 15:38, 39. These borders or fringes were in process of time enlarged so as to attract special notice (Matt. 23:5). The hem of Christ's garment touched (9:20; 14:36; Luke 8:44).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
Shooting weapon feels great, but it seems players are too hemmed in.
The private sector, already hemmed in by many controls, is predictably angry.
It is also hemmed in by homes, making any expansion unpopular.
Hemmed in by these commitments, the government is likely to make only modest
  reductions to universal benefits.
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