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hem1

[hem] /hɛm/
verb (used with object), hemmed, hemming.
1.
to fold back and sew down the edge of (cloth, a garment, etc.); form an edge or border on or around.
2.
to enclose or confine (usually followed by in, around, or about):
hemmed in by enemies.
noun
3.
an edge made by folding back the margin of cloth and sewing it down.
4.
the edge or border of a garment, drape, etc., especially at the bottom.
5.
the edge, border, or margin of anything.
6.
Architecture. the raised edge forming the volute of an Ionic capital.
Origin
1000
before 1000; Middle English hem(m), Old English hem, probably akin to hamm enclosure; see home

hem2

[hem] /hɛm/
interjection
1.
(an utterance resembling a slight clearing of the throat, used to attract attention, express doubt, etc.)
noun
2.
the utterance or sound of “hem.”.
3.
a sound or pause of hesitation:
His sermon was full of hems and haws.
verb (used without object), hemmed, hemming.
4.
to utter the sound “hem.”.
5.
to hesitate in speaking.
Idioms
6.
hem and haw,
  1. to hesitate or falter:
    She hemmed and hawed a lot before she came to the point.
  2. to speak noncommittally; avoid giving a direct answer:
    He hems and haws and comes out on both sides of every question.
Origin
1520-30; imitative
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for hemmed
  • Shooting weapon feels great, but it seems players are too hemmed in.
  • The private sector, already hemmed in by many controls, is predictably angry.
  • It is also hemmed in by homes, making any expansion unpopular.
  • hemmed in by these commitments, the government is likely to make only modest reductions to universal benefits.
  • Many are too cramped for hunting and farming and are hemmed in by pushy neighbours.
  • As such, it is always hemmed in by the threat of disintermediation.
  • As a priest, the framework of his order inevitably hemmed him in.
  • If you are hemmed in on all sides in a patch of land there is only one chance of escape.
  • You're free to take that adventure and not be hemmed in by any notions about where you're going or what the story's going to be.
  • Television had fostered a claustrophobia of hemmed-in expectations, a culture of flat character types and pat endings.
British Dictionary definitions for hemmed

hem1

/hɛm/
noun
1.
an edge to a piece of cloth, made by folding the raw edge under and stitching it down
2.
short for hemline
verb (transitive) hems, hemming, hemmed
3.
to provide with a hem
4.
usually foll by in, around, or about. to enclose or confine
Word Origin
Old English hemm; related to Old Frisian hemme enclosed land

hem2

/hɛm/
noun, interjection
1.
a representation of the sound of clearing the throat, used to gain attention, express hesitation, etc
verb hems, hemming, hemmed
2.
(intransitive) to utter this sound
3.
hem and haw, hum and haw, to hesitate in speaking or in making a decision
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hemmed

hem

n.

Old English hem "a border," especially of cloth or a garment, from Proto-Germanic *hamjam (cf. Old Norse hemja "to bridle, curb," Swedish hämma "to stop, restrain," Old Frisian hemma "to hinder," Middle Dutch, German hemmen "to hem in, stop, hinder"), from PIE *kem- "to compress." Apparently the same root yielded Old English hamm, common in place names (where it means "enclosure, land hemmed in by water or high ground, land in a river bend"). In Middle English, hem also was a symbol of pride or ostentation.

If þei wer þe first þat schuld puplysch þese grete myracles of her mayster, men myth sey of hem, as Crist ded of þe Pharisees, þat þei magnified her owne hemmys. [John Capgrave, "Life of Saint Gilbert of Sempringham," 1451]

interj.

late 15c., probably imitative of the sound of clearing the throat. Hem and haw first recorded 1786, from haw "hesitation" (1630s; see haw (v.)); hem and hawk attested from 1570s.

v.

late 14c., "to provide (something) with a border or fringe" (surname Hemmer attested from c.1300), from hem (n.). Related: Hemmed; hemming. The phrase hem in "shut in, confine," first recorded 1530s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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hemmed in the Bible

of a garment, the fringe of a garment. The Jews attached much importance to these, because of the regulations in Num. 15:38, 39. These borders or fringes were in process of time enlarged so as to attract special notice (Matt. 23:5). The hem of Christ's garment touched (9:20; 14:36; Luke 8:44).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Word Value for hemmed

14
15
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