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hemolysis

[hi-mol-uh-sis] /hɪˈmɒl ə sɪs/
noun
1.
the breaking down of red blood cells with liberation of hemoglobin.
Also called hematolysis.
Origin
1885-1890
1885-90; hemo- + -lysis
Related forms
hemolytic
[hee-muh-lit-ik, hem-uh-] /ˌhi məˈlɪt ɪk, ˌhɛm ə-/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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hemolyses in Medicine

hemolysis he·mol·y·sis (hĭ-mŏl'ĭ-sĭs, hē'mə-lī'sĭs) or he·ma·tol·y·sis (hē'mə-tŏl'ĭ-sĭs)
n.
The destruction or dissolution of red blood cells, with release of hemoglobin. Also called erythrocytolysis, erythrolysis.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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hemolyses in Science
hemolysis
  (hĭ-mŏl'ĭ-sĭs, hē'mə-lī'sĭs)   
The destruction of red blood cells, caused by disruption of the cell membrane and resulting in the release of hemoglobin. Hemolysis is seen in some types of anemia, which can be either inherited or acquired, as by exposure to toxins or by the presence of antibodies that attack red blood cells.

hemolytic adjective
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for hemolyses

hemolysis

breakdown or destruction of red blood cells so that the contained hemoglobin is freed into the surrounding medium. Antibody (lysin) attaches to the red cell but cannot cause bursting in the absence of a normal blood component called complement. Apart from normal breakdown of aged red blood cells, hemolysis is abnormal in the living but may be caused by inherited defects in the blood cells (e.g., hereditary spherocytosis, thalassemia), by chemicals, venoms, the toxic products of microorganisms, transfusion of the wrong blood type, or Rh incompatibility of fetal and maternal blood, a condition called erythroblastosis fetalis. It is a major finding in hemolytic anemia.

Learn more about hemolysis with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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