|Henry the Lion|
|?1129--95, duke of Saxony (1142--81). His ambitions led to conflict with the Holy Roman Emperors, notably Frederick Barbarossa|
henry the lion
duke of Saxony (1142-80) and of Bavaria (as Henry XII, 1156-80), a strong supporter of the emperor Frederick I Barbarossa. Henry spent his early years recovering his ancestral lands of Saxony (1142) and Bavaria (1154-56), thereafter founding the city of Munich (1157), enhancing the position of Lubeck, and greatly extending his territories. He broke with Frederick in 1176 and in consequence was deprived of most of his lands and was exiled twice (1181-85; 1189-90).
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