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hernia

[hur-nee-uh] /ˈhɜr ni ə/
noun, plural hernias, herniae
[hur-nee-ee] /ˈhɜr niˌi/ (Show IPA).
Pathology
1.
the protrusion of an organ or tissue through an opening in its surrounding walls, especially in the abdominal region.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Latin: a rupture; akin to hīra gut; see haruspex
Related forms
hernial, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for hernia
  • Another common hernia involves the intervertebral disc, and causes back pain or sciatica.
  • Repair techniques are similar for femoral and inguinal hernia.
  • Brain hernia herniation of part of the brain because of excessive intracranial pressure.
  • This type of hernia is only a rare cause of sciatic neuralgia.
  • The hernia itself poses no symptoms, but preoccupies the sufferer.
  • The hernia compresses the adjacent nerves and causes back pain.
British Dictionary definitions for hernia

hernia

/ˈhɜːnɪə/
noun (pl) -nias, -niae (-nɪˌiː)
1.
the projection of an organ or part through the lining of the cavity in which it is normally situated, esp the protrusion of intestine through the front wall of the abdominal cavity. It is caused by muscular strain, injury, etc Also called rupture
Derived Forms
hernial, adjective
herniated, adjective
Word Origin
C14: from Latin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hernia
n.

late 14c., hirnia, from Latin hernia "a rupture," related to hira "intestine," PIE *ghere- "gut, entrail" (see yarn). The re-Latinized spelling is from 17c. Related: Herniated (1879).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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hernia in Medicine

hernia her·ni·a (hûr'nē-ə)
n. pl. her·ni·as
The protrusion of an organ or other bodily structure through the wall that normally contains it.


her'ni·al adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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hernia in Science
hernia
  (hûr'nē-ə)   
A condition in which an organ or body part, such as the intestine, protrudes through an opening in the body structure that normally contains it.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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hernia in Culture
hernia [(hur-nee-uh)]

The projection of an organ or part of an organ through the wall of the structure that surrounds it. Most often, the term is applied to the protrusion of a part of the intestine that can be observed as a lump in the lower abdomen.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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