hiccup

[hik-uhp, -uhp]
noun
1.
a quick, involuntary inhalation that follows a spasm of the diaphragm and is suddenly checked by closure of the glottis, producing a short, relatively sharp sound.
2.
Usually, hiccups. the condition of having such spasms: She got the hiccups just as she began to speak.
3.
Informal. a minor difficulty, interruption, setback, etc.: a hiccup in the stock market.
verb (used without object), hiccuped or hiccupped, hiccuping or hiccupping.
4.
to make the sound of a hiccup: The motor hiccuped as it started.
5.
to have the hiccups.
6.
Informal. to experience a temporary decline, setback, interruption, etc.: There was general alarm when the economy hiccuped.
Also, hic-cough [hik-uhp, -uhp] .


Origin:
1570–80; alteration of hocket, hickock, equivalent to hic + -ock; akin to Low German hick hiccup; see hocket

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Collins
World English Dictionary
hiccup or hiccough (ˈhɪkʌp)
 
n
1.  Technical name: singultus a spasm of the diaphragm producing a sudden breathing in followed by a closing of the glottis, resulting in a sharp sound
2.  the state or condition of having such spasms
3.  informal a minor difficulty or problem
 
vb , -cups, -cuping, -cuped, -cups, -cupping, -cupped;, -coughs, -coughing, -coughed
4.  (intr) to make a hiccup or hiccups
5.  (tr) to utter with a hiccup or hiccups
 
[C16: of imitative origin]
 
hiccough or hiccough
 
n
 
vb
 
[C16: of imitative origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

hiccup
1580, hickop, earlier hicket, hyckock, considered imitative of the sound of hiccupping (cf. Fr. hoquet, Dan. hikke, etc.); modern spelling first recorded 1788; hiccough (1626) is by mistaken association with cough. Replaced O.E. ælfsogoða, so called because hiccups were thought to be caused
by elves.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

hiccup hic·cup or hic·cough (hĭk'əp)
n.
A spasm of the diaphragm causing sudden inhalation interrupted by spasmodic closure of the glottis, producing a characteristic noise.


hic'cup or hic'cough v.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Hiccough, or hiccup, is an intermittent sudden spasm of the diaphragm recurring at brief intervals.
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