[hi-dal-goh; Spanish ee-thahl-gaw]
noun, plural hidalgos [hi-dal-gohz; Spanish ee-thahl-gaws] .
a man of the lower nobility in Spain.
(in Spanish America) a man who owns considerable property or is otherwise esteemed.

1585–95; < Spanish, contraction of hijo dalgo, Old Spanish fijo dalgo a noble, a person with property, a son with something < Latin filius son + from + aliquō something

hidalgoism, hidalgism [hi-dal-jiz-uhm] , noun
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[hi-dal-goh; Spanish ee-thahl-gaw] .
Juan [hwahn] , c1600–85, Spanish composer and harpist.
a state in central Mexico. 8057 sq. mi. (20,870 sq. km). Capital: Pachuca.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
hidalgo (hɪˈdælɡəʊ, Spanish iˈðalɣo)
n , pl -gos
a member of the lower nobility in Spain
[C16: from Spanish, from Old Spanish fijo dalgo nobleman, from Latin filius son + of + aliquid something]

Hidalgo (hɪˈdælɡəʊ, Spanish iˈðalɣo)
a state of central Mexico: consists of a high plateau, with the Sierra Madre Oriental in the north and east; ancient remains of Teltec culture (at Tula); rich mineral resources. Capital: Pachuca. Pop: 2 231 392 (2000). Area: 20 987 sq km (8103 sq miles)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1594, from Sp., from O.Sp. fidalgo, shortened from filho de algo "son (L. filus) of someone (L. aliquis)," perhaps an imitation of Ar. ibn-nas "son of people," a complimentary title.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica


in Spain, a hereditary noble or, in the later Middle Ages and the modern era, a knight or member of the gentry.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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