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[hi-dal-goh; Spanish ee-th ahl-gaw] /hɪˈdæl goʊ; Spanish iˈðɑl gɔ/
noun, plural hidalgos
[hi-dal-gohz; Spanish ee-th ahl-gaws] /hɪˈdæl goʊz; Spanish iˈðɑl gɔs/ (Show IPA)
a man of the lower nobility in Spain.
(in Spanish America) a man who owns considerable property or is otherwise esteemed.
Origin of hidalgo
1585-95; < Spanish, contraction of hijo dalgo, Old Spanish fijo dalgo a noble, a person with property, a son with something < Latin filius son + from + aliquō something
Related forms
hidalgoism, hidalgism
[hi-dal-jiz-uh m] /hɪˈdæl dʒɪz əm/ (Show IPA),
noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for hidalgoism


/hɪˈdælɡəʊ; Spanish iˈðalɣo/
noun (pl) -gos (-ɡəʊz; Spanish) (-ɣos)
a member of the lower nobility in Spain
Word Origin
C16: from Spanish, from Old Spanish fijo dalgo nobleman, from Latin filius son + of + aliquid something


/hɪˈdælɡəʊ; Spanish iˈðalɣo/
a state of central Mexico: consists of a high plateau, with the Sierra Madre Oriental in the north and east; ancient remains of Teltec culture (at Tula); rich mineral resources. Capital: Pachuca. Pop: 2 231 392 (2000). Area: 20 987 sq km (8103 sq miles)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hidalgoism



"Spanish nobleman of secondary rank," 1590s, from Spanish hidalgo, from Old Spanish fidalgo, shortened from filho de algo "son (Latin filus) of someone (Latin aliquis)," perhaps an imitation of Arabic ibn-nas "son of people," a complimentary title. For alteration of f- and h- in Spanish, see hacienda.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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