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hierarch

[hahy-uh-rahrk, hahy-rahrk] /ˈhaɪ əˌrɑrk, ˈhaɪ rɑrk/
noun
1.
a person who rules or has authority in sacred matters; high priest.
2.
a person having high position or considerable authority.
3.
one of a body of officials or minor priests in certain ancient Greek temples.
Origin
1480-1490
1480-90; < Medieval Latin hierarcha < Greek hierárchēs steward of sacred rites, equivalent to hier- hier- + -archēs -arch
Related forms
hierarchal, adjective
antihierarchal, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for hierarchal

hierarch

/ˈhaɪəˌrɑːk/
noun
1.
  1. a person in a position of high priestly authority
  2. a person holding high rank in a religious hierarchy
2.
a person at a high level in a hierarchy
Derived Forms
hierarchal, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hierarchal
adj.

1640s, from hierarch + -al (1).

hierarch

n.

1570s, from Medieval Latin hierarcha, from Greek hierarkhes "leader of sacred rites, high priest" (see hierarchy).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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