hinge

[hinj]
noun
1.
a jointed device or flexible piece on which a door, gate, shutter, lid, or other attached part turns, swings, or moves.
2.
a natural anatomical joint at which motion occurs around a transverse axis, as that of the knee or a bivalve shell.
3.
that on which something is based or depends; pivotal consideration or factor.
4.
Also called mount. Philately. a gummed sticker for affixing a stamp to a page of an album, so folded as to form a hinge, allowing the stamp to be raised to reveal the text beneath.
verb (used without object), hinged, hinging.
5.
to be dependent or contingent on, or as if on, a hinge (usually followed by on or upon ): Everything hinges on his decision.
verb (used with object), hinged, hinging.
6.
to furnish with or attach by a hinge or hinges.
7.
to attach as if by a hinge.
8.
to make or consider as dependent upon; predicate: He hinged his action on future sales.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English henge; cognate with Low German heng(e), Middle Dutch henge hinge; akin to hang

hingeless, adjective
hingelike, adjective
rehinge, verb (used with object), rehinged, rehinging.
well-hinged, adjective


5. rest, swing, pivot, depend.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
hinge (hɪndʒ)
 
n
1.  a device for holding together two parts such that one can swing relative to the other, typically having two interlocking metal leaves held by a pin about which they pivot
2.  anatomy Technical name: ginglymus a type of joint, such as the knee joint, that moves only backwards and forwards; a joint that functions in only one plane
3.  a similar structure in invertebrate animals, such as the joint between the two halves of a bivalve shell
4.  something on which events, opinions, etc, turn
5.  philately Also called: mount a small thin transparent strip of gummed paper for affixing a stamp to a page
 
vb
6.  (tr) to attach or fit a hinge to (something)
7.  (intr; usually foll by on or upon) to depend (on)
8.  (intr) to hang or turn on or as if on a hinge
 
[C13: probably of Germanic origin; compare Middle Dutch henge; see hang]
 
hinged
 
adj
 
'hingeless
 
adj
 
'hingelike
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

hinge
c.1300, "the axis of the earth;" late 14c. as "movable joint of a gate or door," not found in O.E., cognate with M.Du. henghe "hook, handle," M.L.G. henge "hinge;" all derived from the root of the verb hang on notion of the thing from which a door hangs.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

hinge (hĭnj)
n.
A jointed or flexible device that allows the turning or pivoting of a part, such as a door or lid, on a stationary frame.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Hinge definition


(Heb. tsir), that on which a door revolves. "Doors in the East turn rather on pivots than on what we term hinges. In Syria, and especially in the Hauran, there are many ancient doors, consisting of stone slabs with pivots carved out of the same piece inserted in sockets above and below, and fixed during the building of the house" (Prov. 26:14).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
Birds' wings operate almost as if they were airplane wings on hinges.
His future, the future of his village and the entire region, hinges on that
  connection.
The final point of this modest proposal hinges on two fundamental principles:
  openness and timely communication.
It seems pretty clear to me that the richness of our knowledge and our memory
  hinges on our ability to pay attention.
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