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holy

[hoh-lee] /ˈhoʊ li/
adjective, holier, holiest.
1.
specially recognized as or declared sacred by religious use or authority; consecrated:
holy ground.
2.
dedicated or devoted to the service of God, the church, or religion:
a holy man.
3.
saintly; godly; pious; devout:
a holy life.
4.
having a spiritually pure quality:
a holy love.
5.
entitled to worship or veneration as or as if sacred:
a holy relic.
6.
religious:
holy rites.
7.
inspiring fear, awe, or grave distress:
The director, when angry, is a holy terror.
noun, plural holies.
8.
a place of worship; sacred place; sanctuary.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English holi, Old English hālig, variant of hāleg, equivalent to hāl whole + -eg -y1; cognate with Dutch, German heilig, Old Norse heilagr
Can be confused
holey, holy, wholly.
Synonyms
1. blessed. Holy, sacred, consecrated, hallowed imply possession of a sanctity that is the object of religious veneration. Holy refers to the divine, that which has its sanctity directly from God or is connected with Him: Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy. Something that is sacred, while sometimes accepted as entitled to religious veneration, may have its sanctity from human authority: a sacred oath. Something that is consecrated is specially or formally dedicated to some religious use: a life consecrated to service. Something that is hallowed has been made holy by being worshiped: a hallowed shrine. 4. spiritual.
Antonyms
3, 4. corrupt, impious.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for holier

holy

/ˈhəʊlɪ/
adjective holier, holiest
1.
of, relating to, or associated with God or a deity; sacred
2.
endowed or invested with extreme purity or sublimity
3.
devout, godly, or virtuous
4.
holier-than-thou, offensively sanctimonious or self-righteous: a holier-than-thou attitude
5.
holy terror
  1. a difficult or frightening person
  2. (Irish, informal) a person who is an active gambler, womanizer, etc
noun (pl) -lies
6.
  1. a sacred place
  2. (functioning as pl) the holy, persons or things invested with holiness
Word Origin
Old English hālig, hǣlig; related to Old Saxon hēlag, Gothic hailags, German heilig; see hallow
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for holier

holy

adj.

Old English halig "holy, consecrated, sacred, godly," from Proto-Germanic *hailaga- (cf. Old Norse heilagr, Old Frisian helich "holy," Old Saxon helag, Middle Dutch helich, Old High German heilag, German heilig, Gothic hailags "holy"). Adopted at conversion for Latin sanctus.

Primary (pre-Christian) meaning is not possible to determine, but probably it was "that must be preserved whole or intact, that cannot be transgressed or violated," and connected with Old English hal (see health) and Old High German heil "health, happiness, good luck" (source of the German salutation Heil). Holy water was in Old English. Holy has been used as an intensifying word from 1837; used in expletives since 1880s (e.g. holy smoke, 1883, holy mackerel, 1876, holy cow, 1914, holy moly etc.), most of them euphemisms for holy Christ or holy Moses.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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