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Holstein

[hohl-stahyn, -steen; for 2 also German hohl-shtahyn] /ˈhoʊl staɪn, -stin; for 2 also German ˈhoʊlˌʃtaɪn/
noun
1.
Also called Holstein-Friesian
[hohl-stahyn-free-zhuh n, -steen-] /ˈhoʊl staɪnˈfri ʒən, -stin-/ (Show IPA)
. one of a breed of black-and-white dairy cattle, raised originally in North Holland and Friesland, that yields large quantities of milk having a low content of butterfat.
2.
a region in N Germany, at the base of the peninsula of Jutland: a former duchy.
Origin
1860-1865
1860-65
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for holsteinfriesian

Holstein1

/ˈhəʊlstaɪn/
noun
1.
the usual US and Canadian name for Friesian1

Holstein2

/German ˈhɔlʃtain/
noun
1.
a region of N Germany, in S Schleswig-Holstein: in early times a German duchy of Saxony; became a duchy of Denmark in 1474; finally incorporated into Prussia in 1866
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for holsteinfriesian

Holstein

breed of cattle, 1865; so called because originally raised in nearby Friesland. The place name is literally "woodland settlers," from the roots of German Holz "wood" (see holt) and siedeln "to settle," altered by influence of Stein "stone." Since 15c. it has been united with the Duchy of Schleswig.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for holsteinfriesian

Holstein

historic and cultural region occupying the southern Jutland Peninsula between the Eider and Elbe rivers, now comprising the southern half of Schleswig-Holstein Land (state) in northern Germany. Holstein was created as a county of the Holy Roman Empire in 1111. It came under a personal union with the Danish king in 1459, an arrangement which caused much unrest among the German majority. In 1474 Holstein was raised to the rank of a duchy in the Holy Roman Empire and after 1815 in the German Confederation. Attempts by Denmark to annex Holstein and Schleswig led to war with Austria and Prussia in 1864. Denmark was defeated and, as a result, Holstein was annexed by Prussia and incorporated with Schleswig as a single Prussian province by the Peace of Prague (1866).

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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