homuncular

homunculus

[huh-muhng-kyuh-luhs, hoh-]
noun, plural homunculi [huh-muhng-kyuh-lahy, hoh-] .
1.
an artificially made dwarf, supposedly produced in a flask by an alchemist.
2.
a fully formed, miniature human body believed, according to some medical theories of the 16th and 17th centuries, to be contained in the spermatozoon.
3.
a diminutive human being.
4.
the human fetus.

Origin:
1650–60; < Latin, equivalent to homun- (variant of homin-, stem of homō man; see Homo) + -culus -cule1

homuncular, adjective
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World English Dictionary
homunculus (hɒˈmʌŋkjʊləs, həʊˈmʌŋkjuːl)
 
n , pl -li
1.  a miniature man; midget
2.  (in early biological theory) a fully-formed miniature human being existing in a spermatozoon or egg
 
[C17: from Latin, diminutive of homo man]
 
ho'muncular
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

homunculus
1650s, from L., lit. "little person," from homo (gen. hominis) "man, human being" + -culus, dim. suffix, source of English -cle.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

homunculus ho·mun·cu·lus (hō-mŭng'kyə-ləs, hə-)
n. pl. ho·mun·cu·li (-lī')

  1. A diminutive human.

  2. A miniature, fully formed individual which adherents of the early biological theory of preformation believed to be present in the sperm cell.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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