horse radish

horseradish

[hawrs-rad-ish]
noun
1.
a cultivated plant, Armoracia rusticana, of the mustard family, having small, white flowers.
2.
the pungent root of this plant, ground and used as a condiment and in medicine.
3.
the condiment itself, sometimes moistened with vinegar or mixed with ground beets.
adjective
4.
of or containing ground horseradish as a flavoring: brisket of beef with horseradish sauce.

Origin:
1590–1600; horse + radish

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World English Dictionary
horseradish (ˈhɔːsˌrædɪʃ)
 
n
1.  a coarse Eurasian plant, Armoracia rusticana, cultivated for its thick white pungent root: family Brassicaceae (crucifers)
2.  the root of this plant, which is ground and combined with vinegar, etc, to make a sauce

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

horseradish
1597, Cochlearia armoricia, the common name preserves the once-common figurative sense of horse as "strong, large, coarse" (e.g. in obs. horse mushroom, horse parsley, etc.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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