horse shoe crab

horseshoe crab

noun
a large marine arthropod, Limulus polyphemus, of shallow coastal waters of eastern North America and eastern Asia, having both compound and simple eyes, book gills, a stiff tail, and a brown carapace curved like a horseshoe: a living fossil related to the woodlouse.
Also called king crab.


Origin:
1765–75

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World English Dictionary
horseshoe crab
 
n
Also called: king crab any marine chelicerate arthropod of the genus Limulus, of North America and Asia, having a rounded heavily armoured body with a long pointed tail: class Merostomata

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