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horseleech

[hawrs-leech] /ˈhɔrsˌlitʃ/
noun
1.
a large leech, as Haemopis marmoratis, that infests the mouth and nasal passages of horses.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English horsleych. See horse, leech
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for horse-leech

horseleech

/ˈhɔːsˌliːtʃ/
noun
1.
any of several large carnivorous freshwater leeches of the genus Haemopis, esp H. sanguisuga
2.
an archaic name for a veterinary surgeon
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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horse-leech in the Bible

occurs only in Prov. 30:15 (Heb. 'alukah); the generic name for any blood-sucking annelid. There are various species in the marshes and pools of Palestine. That here referred to, the Hoemopis, is remarkable for the coarseness of its bite, and is therefore not used for medical purposes. They are spoken of in the East with feelings of aversion and horror, because of their propensity to fasten on the tongue and nostrils of horses when they come to drink out of the pools. The medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis), besides other species of leeches, are common in the waters of Syria.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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