host-aged

hostage

[hos-tij]
noun
1.
a person given or held as security for the fulfillment of certain conditions or terms, promises, etc., by another.
2.
Archaic. a security or pledge.
3.
Obsolete. the condition of a hostage.
verb (used with object), hostaged, hostaging.
4.
to give (someone) as a hostage: He was hostaged to the Indians.

Origin:
1225–75; Middle English < Old French hostage (h- by association with (h)oste host2), ostageVulgar Latin *obsidāticum state of being a hostage < Latin obsid- (stem of obses) hostage (equivalent to ob- ob- + sid- sit) + -āticum -age

hostageship, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
hostage (ˈhɒstɪdʒ)
 
n
1.  a person given to or held by a person, organization, etc, as a security or pledge or for ransom, release, exchange for prisoners, etc
2.  the state of being held as a hostage
3.  any security or pledge
4.  give hostages to fortune to place oneself in a position in which misfortune may strike through the loss of what one values most
 
[C13: from Old French, from hoste guest, host1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

hostage
c.1275, from O.Fr. hostage "person given as security or hostage," either from hoste "guest" (see host (1)) via notion of "a lodger held by a landlord as security," or from L.L. obsidanus "condition of being held as security," from obses "hostage," from ob- "before" + base of
sedere "to sit." Modern political/terrorism sense is from 1970s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Hostage definition


a person delivered into the hands of another as a security for the performance of some promise, etc. (2 Kings 14:14; 2 Chr. 25:24).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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