city, southern Anhui sheng (province), China. The city was established and named for the famous scenic Mount Huang (Huang Shan). According to Chinese legend, Huangdi (the "Yellow Emperor"), the third of the mythical emperors of ancient China, went to the mountain (then called Mount Yi) to gather herbal medicines from which to make pills of immortality. In 747 the name was changed to Mount Huang. Known since ancient times for its gnarled and asymmetrically branched pines, strangely shaped rocks, fogs, and cloud formations, Mount Huang was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1990.
Learn more about Huangshan with a free trial on Britannica.com.