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hybrid

[hahy-brid] /ˈhaɪ brɪd/
noun
1.
the offspring of two animals or plants of different breeds, varieties, species, or genera, especially as produced through human manipulation for specific genetic characteristics.
2.
a person or group of persons produced by the interaction or crossbreeding of two unlike cultures, traditions, etc.
3.
anything derived from heterogeneous sources, or composed of elements of different or incongruous kinds:
a hybrid of the academic and business worlds.
4.
a word composed of elements originally drawn from different languages, as television, whose components come from Greek and Latin.
5.
  1. something that is powered by more than one source of power:
    a wind-solar hybrid to generate electricity.
  2. a car or other vehicle that combines an internal-combustion engine with one or more electric motors powered by a battery.
adjective
6.
bred from two distinct races, breeds, varieties, species, or genera.
7.
composite; formed or composed of heterogeneous elements.
8.
composed of elements originally drawn from different languages, as a word.
9.
powered by more than one source of power:
It is hoped that hybrid buses will reduce urban air pollution.
Origin
1595-1605
1595-1605; < Latin hybrida, hibrida a crossbred animal
Synonyms
6. Hybrid, mongrel refer to animals or plants of mixed origin. Hybrid is the scientific term: hybrid corn; a hybrid variety of sheep. Mongrel, used originally of dogs to denote the offspring of crossings of different breeds, is now extended to other animals and to plants; it is usually deprecatory, as denoting mixed, nondescript, or degenerate breed or character: a mongrel pup.
Antonyms
6. purebred, thoroughbred.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for hybrids
  • New hybrids and seemingly implausible alliances are taking shape.
  • The popular answer-switch to hybrids-leaves the fundamental problem unaddressed.
  • But today scientists are able to collect the detailed molecular data needed to identify previously unrecognized hybrids.
  • hybrids such as the mule, a cross between a donkey and a horse, are sterile.
  • The neglect allowed the varieties to mingle, and unique hybrids were created.
  • hybrids may be the only way to meet these requirements.
  • Ever since, carmakers have been placing their low-emission bets more on plug-in hybrids, clean diesels or pure electric vehicles.
  • Indeed they will not sell top yielding hybrids that don't perform when traits are added to them.
  • However, every breeder has discovered from the start that such variations have definite boundaries, even hybrids.
  • The rest of us are apparently hybrids to some extent, by this account.
British Dictionary definitions for hybrids

hybrid

/ˈhaɪbrɪd/
noun
1.
an animal or plant resulting from a cross between genetically unlike individuals. Hybrids between different species are usually sterile
2.
anything of mixed ancestry
3.
a vehicle that is powered by an internal-combustion engine and another source of power such as a battery
4.
a word, part of which is derived from one language and part from another, such as monolingual, which has a prefix of Greek origin and a root of Latin origin
adjective
5.
(of a vehicle) powered by more than one source
6.
denoting or being a hybrid; of mixed origin
7.
(physics) (of an electromagnetic wave) having components of both electric and magnetic field vectors in the direction of propagation
8.
(electronics)
  1. (of a circuit) consisting of transistors and valves
  2. (of an integrated circuit) consisting of one or more fully integrated circuits and other components, attached to a ceramic substrate Compare monolithic (sense 3)
Derived Forms
hybridism, noun
hybridity, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Latin hibrida offspring of a mixed union (human or animal)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hybrids

hybrid

n.

c.1600, from Latin hybrida, variant of ibrida "mongrel," specifically "offspring of a tame sow and a wild boar," of unknown origin but probably from Greek and somehow related to hubris. A rare word before c.1850. The adjective is attested from 1716.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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hybrids in Science
hybrid
  (hī'brĭd)   
An organism that is the offspring of two parents that differ in one or more inheritable characteristics, especially the offspring of two different varieties of the same species or the offspring of two parents belonging to different species. In agriculture and animal husbandry, hybrids of different varieties and species are bred in order to combine the favorable characteristics of the parents. Hybrids often display hybrid vigor. The mule, which is the offspring of a male donkey and a female horse, is an example of a hybrid. It is strong for its size and has better endurance and a longer useful lifespan than its parents. However, mules are sterile, as are many animals that are hybrids between two species.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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