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hydrogenate

[hahy-druh-juh-neyt, hahy-droj-uh-] /ˈhaɪ drə dʒəˌneɪt, haɪˈdrɒdʒ ə-/
verb (used with object), hydrogenated, hydrogenating.
1.
to combine or treat with hydrogen, especially to add hydrogen to the molecule of (an unsaturated organic compound).
Also, hydrogenize.
Origin
1800-1810
1800-10; hydrogen + -ate1
Related forms
hydrogenation, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for hydrogenations

hydrogenate

/ˈhaɪdrədʒɪˌneɪt; haɪˈdrɒdʒɪˌneɪt/
verb
1.
to undergo or cause to undergo a reaction with hydrogen: to hydrogenate ethylene
Derived Forms
hydrogenation, hydrogenization, hydrogenisation, noun
hydrogenator, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for hydrogenations

hydrogenate

v.

1809, from hydrogen + -ate (2). Related: Hydrogenated; hydrogenation.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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hydrogenations in Science
hydrogenate
  (hī'drə-jə-nāt', hī-drŏj'ə-nāt')   
  1. To treat or combine chemically an unsaturated compound with hydrogen. Liquid vegetable oils are often hydrogenated to turn them into solids.

  2. To turn coal into oil by combining its carbon with hydrogen to form hydrocarbons.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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