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hydrolase

[hahy-druh-leys, -leyz] /ˈhaɪ drəˌleɪs, -ˌleɪz/
noun, Biochemistry
1.
an enzyme that catalyzes hydrolysis.
Also called hydrolyst
[hahy-druh-list] /ˈhaɪ drə lɪst/ (Show IPA)
.
Origin
1920-1925
1920-25; hydr-1 + -ol1 + -ase
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for hydrolyst

hydrolase

/ˈhaɪdrəˌleɪz/
noun
1.
an enzyme, such as an esterase, that controls hydrolysis
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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hydrolyst in Medicine

hydrolase hy·dro·lase (hī'drə-lās', -lāz')
n.
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of a substrate through the addition of water.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for hydrolyst

hydrolase

any one of a class of more than 200 enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of several types of compounds. Esterases include lipases, which break ester bonds (between a carboxylic acid and an alcohol) in lipids, and phosphatases, which act analogously upon phosphates; a narrower category comprises the nucleases, which are phosphatases that hydrolyze nucleic acids. Glycosidases sever bonds between sugar molecules in carbohydrates. Peptidases hydrolyze peptide bonds (between the carboxylic acid group of one amino acid and the amino group of another) within protein molecules (see proteolytic enzyme). Specific hydrolases also catalyze reactions that break ether (CO) bonds; carbon-nitrogen (CN) bonds other than peptide bonds; acid anhydride bonds; carbon-carbon (CC) bonds; or phosphorus-nitrogen (PN) bonds

Learn more about hydrolase with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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