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hyperbaton

[hahy-pur-buh-ton] /haɪˈpɜr bəˌtɒn/
noun, plural hyperbatons, hyperbata
[hahy-pur-buh-tuh] /haɪˈpɜr bə tə/ (Show IPA).
Rhetoric
1.
the use, especially for emphasis, of a word order other than the expected or usual one, as in “Bird thou never wert.”.
Origin
1570-1580
1570-80; < Latin < Greek: transposition, literally, overstepping, derivative of neuter of hyperbatós, equivalent to hyper- hyper- + ba- (stem of baínein to walk, step) + -tos verbal adjective suffix; cf. basis
Related forms
hyperbatic
[hahy-per-bat-ik] /ˌhaɪ pərˈbæt ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
hyperbatically, adverb
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for hyperbatically

hyperbaton

/haɪˈpɜːbəˌtɒn/
noun
1.
(rhetoric) a figure of speech in which the normal order of words is reversed, as in cheese I love
Word Origin
C16: via Latin from Greek, literally: an overstepping, from hyper- + bainein to step
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for hyperbatically

hyperbaton

n.

1570s, "figure of speech in which the natural order of words or phrases is inverted, especially for the sake of emphasis," from Greek hyperbaton, literally "overstepping," from hyper "over" + bainein "to step" (see come).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for hyperbatically

hyperbaton

a transposition or inversion of usual word order. The device is often used in poetry, as in line 13 from Canto II of Alexander Pope's The Rape of the Lock (1712-14): "Bright as the sun, her eyes the gazers strike."

Learn more about hyperbaton with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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