Iambe

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iambe

French satiric verse form consisting of alternating lines of 8 and 12 syllables. The total number of lines is variable. Greek writers, especially Archilochus, used iambics as a vehicle for satire, but the name came into use as a French form in the late 18th and early 19th centuries when Andre Chenier's Iambes and Auguste Barbier's Les Iambes were published.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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