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ideology

[ahy-dee-ol-uh-jee, id-ee-] /ˌaɪ diˈɒl ə dʒi, ˌɪd i-/
noun, plural ideologies.
1.
the body of doctrine, myth, belief, etc., that guides an individual, social movement, institution, class, or large group.
2.
such a body of doctrine, myth, etc., with reference to some political and social plan, as that of fascism, along with the devices for putting it into operation.
3.
Philosophy.
  1. the study of the nature and origin of ideas.
  2. a system that derives ideas exclusively from sensation.
4.
theorizing of a visionary or impractical nature.
Origin of ideology
1790-1800
1790-1800; ideo- + -logy; compare French idéologie
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for ideology
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • The Fascist ideology cannot therefore look back to the Middle Ages, of which it is a complete negation.

  • It is a philosophy, an ideology, a way of life, a mentality and a personality.

    After the Rain Sam Vaknin
  • To Liebknecht all that Carlyle has said about heroes is contrary to ideology and inversion of the truth.

  • In an age when money is the only ideology – they did not adhere to the party line.

    After the Rain Sam Vaknin
  • The world of fact in the Confucian ideology does not correspond with the beliefs accepted as fact by the dominant West.

    Government in Republican China Paul Myron Anthony Linebarger
British Dictionary definitions for ideology

ideology

/ˌaɪdɪˈɒlədʒɪ/
noun (pl) -gies
1.
a body of ideas that reflects the beliefs and interests of a nation, political system, etc and underlies political action
2.
(philosophy, sociol) the set of beliefs by which a group or society orders reality so as to render it intelligible
3.
speculation that is imaginary or visionary
4.
the study of the nature and origin of ideas
Derived Forms
ideological (ˌaɪdɪəˈlɒdʒɪkəl), ideologic, adjective
ideologically, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for ideology
n.

1796, "science of ideas," originally "philosophy of the mind which derives knowledge from the senses" (as opposed to metaphysics), from French idéologie "study or science of ideas," coined by French philosopher Destutt de Tracy (1754-1836) from idéo- "of ideas," from Greek idea (see idea) + -logy. Later used in a sense "impractical theorizing" (1813). Meaning "systematic set of ideas, doctrines" first recorded 1909.

Ideology ... is usually taken to mean, a prescriptive doctrine that is not supported by rational argument. [D.D. Raphael, "Problems of Political Philosophy," 1970]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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ideology in Medicine

ideology i·de·ol·o·gy (ī'dē-ŏl'ə-jē, ĭd'ē-)
n.
The body of ideas reflecting the social needs and aspirations of an individual, a group, a class, or a culture.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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ideology in Culture
ideology [(eye-dee-ol-uh-jee, id-ee-ol-uh-jee)]

A system of beliefs or theories, usually political, held by an individual or a group. Capitalism, communism, and socialism are usually called ideologies.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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