noun Islam.
the consensus of all believers on the rightness of a belief or practice.

< Arabic ijmāʿ

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Encyclopedia Britannica


(Arabic: "agreeing upon," or "consensus"), the universal and infallible agreement of the Muslim community, especially of Muslim scholars on any Islamic principle, at any time. The consensus-based on the Hadith (sayings of Muhammad), "My people will never agree in an error"-constitutes the third of the four sources of Islamic jurisprudence, the usul al-fiqh (q.v.). In effect, ijma' has been the most important factor in defining the meaning of the other usul and thus in formulating the doctrine and practice of the Muslim community

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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