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il Duce

[eel doo-chey; Italian eel doo-che] /il ˈdu tʃeɪ; Italian il ˈdu tʃɛ/
noun
1.
duce (def 2).

duce

[doo-chey; Italian doo-che] /ˈdu tʃeɪ; Italian ˈdu tʃɛ/
noun, plural duces, duci
[doo-chee] /ˈdu tʃi/ (Show IPA)
1.
a leader or dictator.
2.
il Duce, the leader: applied especially to Benito Mussolini as head of the fascist Italian state.
Origin
1920-1925
1920-25; < Italian < Medieval Latin dux (genitive ducis), Latin: leader; cf. duke, dux

Mussolini

[moo s-uh-lee-nee, moo-suh-; Italian moos-saw-lee-nee] /ˌmʊs əˈli ni, ˌmu sə-; Italian ˌmus sɔˈli ni/
noun
1.
Benito
[buh-nee-toh;; Italian be-nee-taw] /bəˈni toʊ;; Italian bɛˈni tɔ/ (Show IPA),
(I"Il Duce") 1883–1945, Italian Fascist leader: premier of Italy 1922–43.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for il Duce

duce

/ˈduːtʃɪ; Italian ˈduːtʃe/
noun
1.
leader
Word Origin
C20: from Italian, from Latin dux

Duce

/Italian ˈduːtʃe/
noun
1.
Il Duce (il). the title assumed by Benito Mussolini as leader of Fascist Italy (1922–43)

Mussolini

/ˌmʊsəˈliːnɪ; Italian mussoˈliːni/
noun
1.
Benito (beˈniːto) known as il Duce. 1883–1945, Italian Fascist dictator. After the Fascist march on Rome, he was appointed prime minister by King Victor Emmanuel III (1922) and assumed dictatorial powers. He annexed Abyssinia and allied Italy with Germany (1936), entering World War II in 1940. He was forced to resign following the Allied invasion of Sicily (1943) and was eventually shot by Italian partisans
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for il Duce

Duce

n.

1923, title assumed by Benito Mussolini (1883-1945); Italian, literally "leader," from Latin ducem (see duke (n.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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