il Duce

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duce

[doo-chey; Italian doo-che]
noun, plural duces, duci [doo-chee] .
1.
a leader or dictator.
2.
il Duce, the leader: applied especially to Benito Mussolini as head of the fascist Italian state.

Origin:
1920–25; < Italian < Medieval Latin dux (genitive ducis), Latin: leader; cf. duke, dux

Mussolini

[moos-uh-lee-nee, moo-suh-; Italian moos-saw-lee-nee]
noun
Benito [buh-nee-toh; Italian be-nee-taw] , (I"Il Duce") 1883–1945, Italian Fascist leader: premier of Italy 1922–43.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
duce (ˈduːtʃɪ, Italian ˈduːtʃe)
 
n
leader
 
[C20: from Italian, from Latin dux]

Duce (Italian ˈduːtʃe)
 
n
Il Duce the title assumed by Benito Mussolini as leader of Fascist Italy (1922--43)

Mussolini (ˌmʊsəˈliːnɪ, Italian mussoˈliːni)
 
n
Benito (beˈniːto) known as il Duce. 1883--1945, Italian Fascist dictator. After the Fascist march on Rome, he was appointed prime minister by King Victor Emmanuel III (1922) and assumed dictatorial powers. He annexed Abyssinia and allied Italy with Germany (1936), entering World War II in 1940. He was forced to resign following the Allied invasion of Sicily (1943) and was eventually shot by Italian partisans

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Duce
1923, title assumed by Benito Mussolini 1883-1945), It., lit. "leader," from L. ducem (see duke).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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