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immunity

[ih-myoo-ni-tee] /ɪˈmyu nɪ ti/
noun, plural immunities.
1.
the state of being immune from or insusceptible to a particular disease or the like.
2.
the condition that permits either natural or acquired resistance to disease.
3.
the ability of a cell to react immunologically in the presence of an antigen.
4.
exemption from any natural or usual liability.
5.
exemption from obligation, service, duty, or liability to taxation, jurisdiction, etc.:
The ambassador claimed diplomatic immunity when they arrested him for reckless driving.
6.
Law. exemption from criminal prosecution or legal liability or punishment on certain conditions.
7.
special privilege.
8.
Ecclesiastical.
  1. the exemption of ecclesiastical persons and things from secular or civil liabilities, duties, and burdens.
  2. a particular exemption of this kind.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English immunite < Latin immūnitās. See immune, -ity
Related forms
hyperimmunity, noun
nonimmunity, noun, plural nonimmunities.
self-immunity, noun, plural self-immunities.
Can be confused
immunity, impunity.
Synonyms
4. See exemption. 5. franchise, license, liberty, prerogative.
Antonyms
1. susceptibility. 4, 5. liability.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for immunities
  • While some individuals build up immunities from multiple exposures to an allergen, others will develop sensitivities.
  • They moved to cities next to the mines where their immunities no longer provided protection against tropical diseases.
  • Her first term also brought in significant changes to laws regarding the closed shop and the legal immunities of trade unions.
  • As a result, personal immunities such as qualified immunity are unavailable to these defendants.
  • Upon this principle were immunities granted to the church.
  • The result is faster transmission of disease and development of immunities to countermeasures.
  • Chapter does not limit or repeal other immunities conferred by law.
  • They possess all of the common law and statutory powers, privileges, and immunities of sheriffs.
British Dictionary definitions for immunities

immunity

/ɪˈmjuːnɪtɪ/
noun (pl) -ties
1.
the ability of an organism to resist disease, either through the activities of specialized blood cells or antibodies produced by them in response to natural exposure or inoculation (active immunity) or by the injection of antiserum or the transfer of antibodies from a mother to her baby via the placenta or breast milk (passive immunity) See also acquired immunity, natural immunity
2.
freedom from obligation or duty, esp exemption from tax, duty, legal liability, etc
3.
any special privilege granting immunity
4.
the exemption of ecclesiastical persons or property from various civil obligations or liabilities
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for immunities

immunity

n.

late 14c., "exempt from service or obligation," from Old French immunité and directly from Latin immunitatem (nominative immunitas) "exemption from performing public service or charge," from immunis "exempt, free," from assimilated form of in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + munis "performing services" (cf. municipal), from PIE *moi-n-es-, suffixed form of root *mei- "to change" (see mutable). Medical sense "protection from disease" is 1879, from French or German.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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immunities in Medicine

immunity im·mu·ni·ty (ĭ-myōō'nĭ-tē)
n.

  1. The quality or condition of being immune.

  2. Inherited, acquired, or induced resistance to infection by a specific pathogen.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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immunities in Science
immunity
  (ĭ-my'nĭ-tē)   
The protection of the body from a disease caused by an infectious agent, such as a bacterium or virus. Immunity may be natural (that is, inherited) or acquired. See also acquired immunity.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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immunities in Culture

immunity definition


The ability of the body to resist or fight off infection and disease.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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