impediment

[im-ped-uh-muhnt]
noun
1.
obstruction; hindrance; obstacle.
2.
any physical defect that impedes normal or easy speech; a speech disorder.
3.
Chiefly Ecclesiastical Law. a bar, usually of blood or affinity, to marriage: a diriment impediment.
4.
Usually, impediments. impedimenta.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Latin impedīmentum. See impede, -ment

impedimental [im-ped-uh-men-tl] , impedimentary, adjective
nonimpedimental, adjective
nonimpedimentary, adjective


1. bar, encumbrance, check. See obstacle.


1. help, encouragement.
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World English Dictionary
impediment (ɪmˈpɛdɪmənt)
 
n , -ments, -menta
1.  a hindrance or obstruction
2.  a physical defect, esp one of speech, such as a stammer
3.  law an obstruction to the making of a contract, esp a contract of marriage by reason of closeness of blood or affinity
 
impedi'mental
 
adj
 
impedi'mentary
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

impediment
late 14c., from L. impedimentem "hindrance," from impedire "impede," lit. "to shackle the feet," from in- "in" + pes (gen. pedis) "foot."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

impediment im·ped·i·ment (ĭm-pěd'ə-mənt)
n.

  1. Something that impedes; a hindrance or an obstruction.

  2. An organic defect preventing clear articulation of speech.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
They arranged for study-abroad staff members to meet with professors to
  identify the impediments.
These impediments to growth are being removed but a fresh cause for concern is
  the strengthening yen.
But this year the stakes seem higher somehow, even as the impediments appear
  steeper.
Our over dependence on mathematics and frequent unphysical manipulations are
  the main impediments in the progress of science.
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