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imperfect

[im-pur-fikt] /ɪmˈpɜr fɪkt/
adjective
1.
of, relating to, or characterized by defects or weaknesses:
imperfect vision.
2.
not perfect; lacking completeness:
imperfect knowledge.
3.
Grammar. noting action or state still in process at some temporal point of reference, particularly in the past.
4.
Law. being without legal effect or support; unenforceable.
5.
Botany. (of a flower) diclinous.
6.
Music. of or relating to the interval of a major or minor third or sixth.
Compare perfect (def 13a).
noun, Grammar
7.
the imperfect tense.
8.
another verb formation or construction with imperfect meaning.
9.
a form in the imperfect, as Latin portābam, “I was carrying.”.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; < Latin imperfectus unfinished (see im-2, perfect); replacing Middle English imparfit < Middle French imparfait < Latin, as above
Related forms
imperfectly, adverb
imperfectness, noun
Synonyms
1. defective, faulty. 2. incomplete, underdeveloped; immature.
Antonyms
2. complete, developed.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for imperfectness

imperfect

/ɪmˈpɜːfɪkt/
adjective
1.
exhibiting or characterized by faults, mistakes, etc; defective
2.
not complete or finished; deficient
3.
(botany)
  1. (of flowers) lacking functional stamens or pistils
  2. (of fungi) not undergoing sexual reproduction
4.
(grammar) denoting a tense of verbs used most commonly in describing continuous or repeated past actions or events, as for example was walking as opposed to walked
5.
(law) (of a trust, an obligation, etc) lacking some necessary formality to make effective or binding; incomplete; legally unenforceable See also executory (sense 1)
6.
(music)
  1. (of a cadence) proceeding to the dominant from the tonic, subdominant, or any chord other than the dominant
  2. of or relating to all intervals other than the fourth, fifth, and octave Compare perfect (sense 9)
noun
7.
(grammar)
  1. the imperfect tense
  2. a verb in this tense
Derived Forms
imperfectly, adverb
imperfectness, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for imperfectness

imperfect

adj.

mid-14c., imperfite, from Old French imparfait, from Latin imperfectus "unfinished, incomplete," from assimilated form of in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + perfectus (see perfect). Replaced mid-16c. by the Latin form. Related: Imperfectly.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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