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impoverish

[im-pov-er-ish, -pov-rish] /ɪmˈpɒv ər ɪʃ, -ˈpɒv rɪʃ/
verb (used with object)
1.
to reduce to poverty:
a country impoverished by war.
2.
to make poor in quality, productiveness, etc.; exhaust the strength or richness of:
Bad farming practices impoverished the soil.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English empoverishen < Middle French empovriss- (long stem of empovrir), equivalent to em- em-1 + povre poor + -iss -ish2
Related forms
impoverisher, noun
impoverishment, noun
Synonyms
2. deplete, drain; weaken, enervate, fatigue, cripple.
Antonyms
1, 2. enrich.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for impoverisher

impoverish

/ɪmˈpɒvərɪʃ/
verb (transitive)
1.
to make poor or diminish the quality of to impoverish society by cutting the grant to the arts
2.
to deprive (soil, etc) of fertility
Derived Forms
impoverisher, noun
impoverishment, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Old French empovrir, from povrepoor
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for impoverisher

impoverish

v.

early 15c., empoverischen, from Old French empoveriss-, stem of empoverir, from em- + povre "poor" (see poor). Related: Impoverished; impoverishing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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