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invocation

[in-vuh-key-shuh n] /ˌɪn vəˈkeɪ ʃən/
noun
1.
the act of invoking or calling upon a deity, spirit, etc., for aid, protection, inspiration, or the like; supplication.
2.
any petitioning or supplication for help or aid.
3.
a form of prayer invoking God's presence, especially one said at the beginning of a religious service or public ceremony.
4.
an entreaty for aid and guidance from a Muse, deity, etc., at the beginning of an epic or epiclike poem.
5.
the act of calling upon a spirit by incantation.
6.
the magic formula used to conjure up a spirit; incantation.
7.
the act of calling upon or referring to something, as a concept or document, for support and justification in a particular circumstance.
8.
the enforcing or use of a legal or moral precept or right.
Origin
1325-1375
1325-75; Middle English invocacio(u)n < Latin invocātiōn- (stem of invocātiō). See invocate, -ion
Related forms
invocatory
[in-vok-uh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] /ɪnˈvɒk əˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i/ (Show IPA),
adjective
preinvocation, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for in vocations'

invocation

/ˌɪnvəˈkeɪʃən/
noun
1.
the act of invoking or calling upon some agent for assistance
2.
a prayer asking God for help, forgiveness, etc, esp as part of a religious service
3.
an appeal for inspiration and guidance from a Muse or deity at the beginning of a poem
4.
  1. the act of summoning a spirit or demon from another world by ritual incantation or magic
  2. the incantation used in this act
Derived Forms
invocational, adjective
invocatory (ɪnˈvɒkətərɪ; -trɪ) adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for in vocations'

invocation

n.

late 14c., "petition (to God or a god) for aid or comfort; invocation, prayer;" also "a summoning of evil spirits," from Old French invocacion (12c.), from Latin invocationem (nominative invocatio), noun of action from past participle stem of invocare "to call upon, invoke, appeal to" (see invoke).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for in vocations'

invocation

a convention of classical literature and of epics in particular, in which an appeal for aid (especially for inspiration) is made to a muse or deity, usually at or near the beginning of the work. Homer's Odyssey, for instance, beginsTell me, Muse, of the man of many ways, who was drivenfar journeys, after he had sacked Troy's sacred citadel.Many were they whose cities he saw, whose minds he learned of,many the pains he suffered in his spirit on the wide sea,struggling for his own life and the homecoming of his companions

Learn more about invocation with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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