in dividual

individual

[in-duh-vij-oo-uhl]
noun
1.
a single human being, as distinguished from a group.
2.
a person: a strange individual.
3.
a distinct, indivisible entity; a single thing, being, instance, or item.
4.
a group considered as a unit.
5.
Biology.
a.
a single organism capable of independent existence.
b.
a member of a compound organism or colony.
6.
Cards. a duplicate-bridge tournament in which each player plays the same number of hands in partnership with every other player, individual scores for each player being kept for each hand.
adjective
7.
single; particular; separate: to number individual copies of a limited edition.
8.
intended for the use of one person only: to serve individual portions of a pizza.
9.
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a particular person or thing: individual tastes.
10.
distinguished by special, singular, or markedly personal characteristics; exhibiting unique or unusual qualities: a highly individual style of painting.
11.
existing as a distinct, indivisible entity, or considered as such; discrete: individual parts of a tea set.
12.
of which each is different or of a different design from the others: a set of individual coffee cups.

Origin:
1375–1425; late Middle English < Medieval Latin indīviduālis, equivalent to Latin indīvidu(us) indivisible (in- in-3 + dīvid(ere) to divide + -uus deverbal adj. suffix) + -ālis -al1

interindividual, adjective
nonindividual, adjective
superindividual, adjective, noun
superindividually, adverb
transindividual, adjective

individual, party, people, person (see usage note at party)(see usage note at people)(see synonym study at person).


2. See person.


1, 2. As a synonym for person, individual is standard, occurring in all varieties of speech and writing: Three individuals entered the room, each carrying a sheaf of papers. Some object to this use, insisting that individual can mean only “a single human being, as distinguished from a group”: An individual may have concerns that are ignored by his or her party.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
individual (ˌɪndɪˈvɪdjʊəl)
 
adj
1.  of, relating to, characteristic of, or meant for a single person or thing
2.  separate or distinct, esp from others of its kind; particular: please mark the individual pages
3.  characterized by unusual and striking qualities; distinctive
4.  obsolete indivisible; inseparable
 
n
5.  a single person, esp when regarded as distinct from others
6.  biology
 a.  a single animal or plant, esp as distinct from a species
 b.  a single member of a compound organism or colony
7.  logic
 a.  Also called: particular an object as opposed to a property or class
 b.  an element of the domain of discourse of a theory
 
[C15: from Medieval Latin indīviduālis, from Latin indīviduus indivisible, from in-1 + dīviduus divisible, from dīvidere to divide]
 
indi'vidually
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

individual
"a single object or thing," c.1600, from M.L. individualis, from L. individuus "indivisible," from in- "not" + dividuus "divisible," from dividere "divide." Colloquial sense of "person" is attested from 1742. As an adj., used from early 15c. meaning "one and indivisible" (with ref. to the Trinity). Sense
of "single, separate" is 1610s; meaning "intended for one person" is from 1889.
"A majority can never replace the individual. ... Just as a hundred fools do not make one wise man, a heroic decision is not likely to come from a hundred cowards." [Adolf Hitler, "Mein Kampf," 1933]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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