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effigy

[ef-i-jee] /ˈɛf ɪ dʒi/
noun, plural effigies.
1.
a representation or image, especially sculptured, as on a monument.
2.
a crude representation of someone disliked, used for purposes of ridicule.
Idioms
3.
in effigy, in public view in the form of an effigy:
a leader hanged in effigy by the mob.
Origin
1530-1540
1530-40; (< Middle French) < Latin effigia, equivalent to effig- (ef- ef- + fig- shape, form; see figure) + -ia -y3
Related forms
effigial
[ih-fij-ee-uh l] /ɪˈfɪdʒ i əl/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for in effigy

effigy

/ˈɛfɪdʒɪ/
noun (pl) -gies
1.
a portrait of a person, esp as a monument or architectural decoration
2.
a crude representation of someone, used as a focus for contempt or ridicule and often hung up or burnt in public (often in the phrases burn or hang in effigy)
Derived Forms
effigial (ɪˈfɪdʒɪəl) adjective
Word Origin
C18: from Latin effigiēs, from effingere to form, portray, from fingere to shape
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for in effigy

effigy

n.

1530s, "image of a person," from Middle French effigie (13c.), from Latin effigies "copy or imitation of something, likeness," from or related to effingere "mold, fashion, portray," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + fingere "to form, shape" (see fiction). The Latin word was regarded as plural and the -s was lopped off by 18c. Specifically associated with burning, hanging, etc., at least since 1670s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with in effigy

in effigy

Symbolically. For example, That umpire was completely unfair—let's burn him in effigy. Now used only figuratively, this term formerly signified a way of carrying out the sentence of a criminal who had escaped, such as burn in effigy or hang in effigy. A dummy was made of the criminal or a detested political figure and subjected to the prescribed punishment. [ c. 1600 ]

effigy

see: in effigy
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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