in effigy

effigy

[ef-i-jee]
noun, plural effigies.
1.
a representation or image, especially sculptured, as on a monument.
2.
a crude representation of someone disliked, used for purposes of ridicule.
Idioms
3.
in effigy, in public view in the form of an effigy: a leader hanged in effigy by the mob.

Origin:
1530–40; (< Middle French) < Latin effigia, equivalent to effig- (ef- ef- + fig- shape, form; see figure) + -ia -y3

effigial [ih-fij-ee-uhl] , adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
effigy (ˈɛfɪdʒɪ)
 
n , pl -gies
1.  a portrait of a person, esp as a monument or architectural decoration
2.  a crude representation of someone, used as a focus for contempt or ridicule and often hung up or burnt in public (often in the phrases burn or hang in effigy)
 
[C18: from Latin effigiēs, from effingere to form, portray, from fingere to shape]
 
effigial
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

effigy
1539, from L. effigies "copy or imitation of something, likeness," related to effingere "mold, fashion, portray," from ex- "out" + fingere "to form, shape" (see fiction). The Latin word was regarded as plural and the -s was lopped off by 18c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

in effigy

Symbolically. For example, That umpire was completely unfairlet's burn him in effigy. Now used only figuratively, this term formerly signified a way of carrying out the sentence of a criminal who had escaped, such as burn in effigy or hang in effigy. A dummy was made of the criminal or a detested political figure and subjected to the prescribed punishment. [c. 1600]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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