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8 Words That Are Older Than You Think

ingrain

[v. in-greyn; adj., n. in-greyn] /v. ɪnˈgreɪn; adj., n. ˈɪnˌgreɪn/
verb (used with object)
1.
to implant or fix deeply and firmly, as in the nature or mind.
adjective
2.
ingrained; firmly fixed.
3.
(of fiber or yarn) dyed in a raw state, before being woven or knitted.
4.
made of fiber or yarn so dyed:
ingrain fabric.
5.
(of carpets) made of ingrain yarn and so woven as to show a different pattern on each side; reversible.
noun
6.
yarn, wool, etc., dyed before manufacture.
7.
an ingrain carpet.
Also, engrain (for defs 1, 2).
Origin
1760-1770
1760-70; orig. phrase (dyed) in grain (i.e., with kermes)
Synonyms
1. infuse, inculcate, imbue.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for in grain

ingrain

verb (transitive) (ɪnˈɡreɪn)
1.
to impress deeply on the mind or nature; instil
2.
(archaic) to dye into the fibre of (a fabric)
adjective (ˈɪnˌɡreɪn)
3.
variants of ingrained
4.
(of woven or knitted articles, esp rugs and carpets) made of dyed yarn or of fibre that is dyed before being spun into yarn
noun (ˈɪnˌɡreɪn)
5.
  1. a carpet made from ingrained yarn
  2. such yarn
Word Origin
C18: from the phrase dyed in grain dyed with kermes through the fibre
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for in grain

ingrain

v.

1766, see engrain. Figurative use, of qualities, habits, etc., attested from 1851 (in ingrained). Of dyed carpets, etc., 1766, from in grain.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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